|Title||Cervical precancer detection using a multivariate statistical algorithm based on laser-induced fluorescence spectra at multiple excitation wavelengths|
|Publication Type||Peer Reviewed Archived Journal Publications|
|Year of Publication||1996|
|Authors||Ramanujam, N, Mitchell, MF, Mahadevan-Jansen, A, Thomsen, SL, Staerkel, G, Malpica, A, Wright, T, Atkinson, N, Richards-Kortum, R|
|ISBN Number||0031-8655 (Print)0031-8655 (Linking)|
|Keywords||*Algorithms, Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia/*diagnosis, Female, Humans, Lasers, Multivariate Analysis, Precancerous Conditions/*diagnosis, Spectrometry, Fluorescence, Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/*diagnosis|
A portable fluorimeter was developed and utilized to acquire fluorescence spectra from 381 cervical sites in 95 patients at 337, 380 and 460 nm excitation immediately prior to colposcopy. A multivariate statistical algorithm was used to extract clinically useful information from tissue spectra acquired in vivo. Two full-parameter algorithms were developed using tissue fluorescence emission spectra at all three excitation wavelengths (161 excitation-emission wavelength pairs) for cervical precancer (squamous intraepithelial lesion [SIL]) detection: a screening algorithm that discriminates between SIL and non-SIL with a sensitivity of 82 +/- 1.4% and specificity of 68 +/- 0.0%, and a diagnostic algorithm that differentiates high-grade SIL from non-high-grade SIL with a sensitivity and specificity of 79 +/- 2% and 78 +/- 6%, respectively. Multivariate statistical analysis was also employed to reduce the number of fluorescence excitation-emission wavelength pairs needed to redevelop algorithms that demonstrate a minimum decrease in classification accuracy. Two reduced-parameter algorithms that employ fluorescence intensities at only 15 excitation-emission wavelength pairs were developed: the screening algorithm differentiates SIL from non-SIL with a sensitivity of 84 +/- 1.5% and specificity of 65 +/- 2% and the diagnostic algorithm discriminates high-grade SIL from non-high-grade SIL with a sensitivity and specificity of 78 +/- 0.7% and 74 +/- 2%, respectively. Both the full-parameter and reduced-parameter screening algorithms discriminate between SIL and non-SIL with a similar specificity (+/-5%) and a substantially improved sensitivity relative to Pap smear screening. A comparison of the full-parameter and reduced-parameter diagnostic algorithms to colposcopy in expert hands indicates that all three have a very similar sensitivity and specificity for differentiating high-grade SIL from non-high-grade SIL.