In vivo diagnosis of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia using 337-nm-excited laser-induced fluorescence

TitleIn vivo diagnosis of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia using 337-nm-excited laser-induced fluorescence
Publication TypePeer Reviewed Archived Journal Publications
Year of Publication1994
AuthorsRamanujam, N, Mitchell, MF, Mahadevan, A, Warren, S, Thomsen, S, Silva, E, Richards-Kortum, R
JournalProc Natl Acad Sci U S A
Volume91
Pagination10193-7
Date PublishedOct 11
ISBN Number0027-8424 (Print)0027-8424 (Linking)
Accession Number7937860
KeywordsCervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia/*diagnosis/pathology, Cervix Uteri/cytology/*pathology, Diagnosis, Differential, Female, Humans, Inflammation, Lasers/*diagnostic use, Papillomaviridae, Papillomavirus Infections/*diagnosis/pathology, Spectrometry, Fluorescence, Tumor Virus Infections/*diagnosis/pathology, Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/*diagnosis/pathology
Abstract

Laser-induced fluorescence at 337-nm excitation was used in vivo to differentiate neoplastic [cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN)], nonneoplastic abnormal (inflammation and human papilloma viral infection), and normal cervical tissues. A colposcope (low-magnification microscope used to view the cervix with reflected light) was used to identify 66 normal and 49 abnormal (5 inflammation, 21 human papilloma virus infection, and 23 CIN) sites on the cervix in 28 patients. These sites were then interrogated spectroscopically. A two-stage algorithm was developed to diagnose CIN. The first stage differentiated histologically abnormal tissues from colposcopically normal tissues with a sensitivity, specificity, and positive predictive value of 92%, 90%, and 88%, respectively. The second stage differentiated preneoplastic and neoplastic tissues from nonneoplastic abnormal tissues with a sensitivity, specificity, and positive predictive value of 87%, 73%, and 74%, respectively. Spectroscopic differences were consistent with a decrease in the absolute contribution of collagen fluorescence, an increase in the absolute contribution of oxyhemoglobin attenuation, and an increase in the relative contribution of reduced nicotinamide dinucleotide phosphate [NAD(P)H] fluorescence as tissue progresses from normal to abnormal in the same patient. These results suggest that in vivo fluorescence spectroscopy of the cervix can be used to diagnose CIN at colposcopy.

URLhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=7937860
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