Found 139 results
Title [ Type(Asc)] Year
Peer Reviewed Archived Journal Publications
Liu C, Rajaram N, Vishwanath K, Jiang T, Palmer GM, Ramanujam N. Experimental validation of an inverse fluorescence Monte Carlo model to extract concentrations of metabolically relevant fluorophores from turbid phantoms and a murine tumor model. Journal of Biomedical Optics. 2012 ;17(7):077012.
Liu Q, Ramanujam N. Experimental proof of the feasibility of using an angled fiber-optic probe for depth-sensitive fluorescence spectroscopy of turbid media. Opt Lett [Internet]. 2004 ;29:2034-6. Available from: (675.23 KB)
Tumer K, Ramanujam N, Ghosh J, Richards-Kortum R. Ensembles of radial basis function networks for spectroscopic detection of cervical precancer. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng [Internet]. 1998 ;45:953-61. Available from: (130.89 KB)
Lubawy C, Ramanujam N. Endoscopically compatible near-infrared photon migration probe. Opt Lett [Internet]. 2004 ;29:2022-4. Available from: (585.14 KB)
Lazebnik M, Zhu C, Palmer GM, Harter J, Sewall S, Ramanujam N, Hagness SC. Electromagnetic spectroscopy of normal breast tissue specimens obtained from reduction surgeries: comparison of optical and microwave properties. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng [Internet]. 2008 ;55:2444-51. Available from: (431.06 KB)
Millon SR, Roldan-Perez KM, Riching KM, Palmer GM, Ramanujam N. Effect of optical clearing agents on the in vivo optical properties of squamous epithelial tissue. Lasers Surg Med [Internet]. 2006 ;38:920-7. Available from: (127.2 KB)
Zhu C, Liu Q, Ramanujam N. Effect of fiber optic probe geometry on depth-resolved fluorescence measurements from epithelial tissues: a Monte Carlo simulation. J Biomed Opt [Internet]. 2003 ;8:237-47. Available from: (386.26 KB)
Yu B, Fu H, Bydlon T, Bender JE, Ramanujam N. Diffuse reflectance spectroscopy with a self-calibrating fiber optic probe. Opt Lett [Internet]. 2008 ;33:1783-5. Available from: (279.08 KB)
Dhar S, Lo JY, Palmer GM, Brooke MA, Nichols BS, Yu B, Ramanujam N, Jokerst NM. A diffuse reflectance spectral imaging system for tumor margin assessment using custom annular photodiode arrays. Biomedical Optics Express. 2012 ;3(12):3211.
Zhu C, Palmer GM, Breslin TM, Harter J, Ramanujam N. Diagnosis of breast cancer using fluorescence and diffuse reflectance spectroscopy: a Monte-Carlo-model-based approach. J Biomed Opt [Internet]. 2008 ;13:034015. Available from: (1.54 MB)
Zhu C, Palmer GM, Breslin TM, Harter J, Ramanujam N. Diagnosis of breast cancer using diffuse reflectance spectroscopy: Comparison of a Monte Carlo versus partial least squares analysis based feature extraction technique. Lasers in Surgery and Medicine [Internet]. 2006 ;38:714–724. Available from: (160.48 KB)
Ramanujam N, Mitchell MF, Mahadevan A, Thomsen S, Malpica A, Wright T, Atkinson N, Richards-Kortum R. Development of a multivariate statistical algorithm to analyze human cervical tissue fluorescence spectra acquired in vivo. Lasers Surg Med [Internet]. 1996 ;19:46-62. Available from:
Mahadevan-Jansen A, Mitchell MF, Ramanujam N, Utzinger U, Richards-Kortum R. Development of a fiber optic probe to measure NIR Raman spectra of cervical tissue in vivo. Photochem Photobiol [Internet]. 1998 ;68:427-31. Available from:
Beumer HW, Vishwanath K, Puscas L, Afshari HR, Ramanujam N, Lee WT. Detection of Squamous Cell Carcinoma and Corresponding Biomarkers Using Optical Spectroscopy. Otolaryngology -- Head and Neck Surgery. 2011 ;144(3):390 - 394. (355.69 KB)
Lam CT, Krieger MS, Gallagher JE, Asma B, Muasher LC, Schmitt JW, Ramanujam N. Design of a Novel Low Cost Point of Care Tampon (POCkeT) Colposcope for Use in Resource Limited Settings. PloS ONE. 2015 .
Frees A, Rajaram N, McCachren S, Fontanella A, Dewhirst MW, Ramanujam N. Delivery-Corrected Imaging of Fluorescently-Labeled Glucose Reveals Distinct Metabolic Phenotypes in Murine Breast Cancer. PLOS ONE [Internet]. 2014 ;9(12). Available from:
Rajaram N, Frees AE, Zhong J, Hansen K, Dewhirst MW, Ramanujam N. Delivery rate affects uptake of a fluorescent glucose analog in murine metastatic breast cancer. PLOS ONE. 2013 .
Yu B, Lo JY, Kuech TF, Palmer GM, Bender JE, Ramanujam N. Cost-effective diffuse reflectance spectroscopy device for quantifying tissue absorption and scattering in vivo. J Biomed Opt [Internet]. 2008 ;13:060505. Available from: (269.75 KB)
Palmer GM, Zhu C, Breslin TM, Xu F, Gilchrist KW, Ramanujam N. Comparison of multiexcitation fluorescence and diffuse reflectance spectroscopy for the diagnosis of breast cancer (March 2003). IEEE Trans Biomed Eng [Internet]. 2003 ;50:1233-42. Available from: (907.03 KB)
Skala MC, Palmer GM, Vrotsos KM, Gendron-Fitzpatrick A, Ramanujam N. Comparison of a physical model and principal component analysis for the diagnosis of epithelial neoplasias in vivo using diffuse reflectance spectroscopy. Opt Express [Internet]. 2007 ;15:7863-75. Available from: (167.7 KB)
Bydlon TM, R N, N R, HJCM S, BHW H. Chromophore based analyses of steady-state diffuse reflectance spectroscopy: current status and perspectives for clinical adoption. Journal of Biophotonics. 2015 .
Bydlon TM, Nachabe R, Ramanujam N, Sterenborg HJCM, Hendriks BHW. Chromophore based analyses of steady-state diffuse reflectance spectroscopy: Current status and perspectives for clinical adoption. Journal of Biophotonics. 2014 .
Ramanujam N, Mitchell MF, Mahadevan-Jansen A, Thomsen SL, Staerkel G, Malpica A, Wright T, Atkinson N, Richards-Kortum R. Cervical precancer detection using a multivariate statistical algorithm based on laser-induced fluorescence spectra at multiple excitation wavelengths. Photochem Photobiol [Internet]. 1996 ;64:720-35. Available from: (4.21 MB)
Palmer GM, Keely PJ, Breslin TM, Ramanujam N. Autofluorescence spectroscopy of normal and malignant human breast cell lines. Photochem Photobiol [Internet]. 2003 ;78:462-9. Available from: (269.22 KB)
Breslin TM, Xu F, Palmer GM, Zhu C, Gilchrist KW, Ramanujam N. Autofluorescence and diffuse reflectance properties of malignant and benign breast tissues. Ann Surg Oncol [Internet]. 2004 ;11:65-70. Available from: (226.44 KB)